Land of the Brave

The 13 American Colonies

Colonial America - Land of the Brave


List of the 13 American Colonies

The 13 American Colonies article covers the time in early American history from 1607 to 1775 and the outbreak of the War for Independence.

The original 13 American Colonies were located on the Atlantic coast of North America and founded between 1607. The first American colony was in Virginia and the last American was established in  Georgia in 1733. What were the names of the original 13 American Colonies?

The names of the original 13 American Colonies are detailed on the following list:

The Plymouth Colony is not included as one of the original 13 American colonies as it was de-established 1691.

The 13 American Colonies -  Facts about the New England (North) Colonies
The original names of the New England American Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut. Information and facts about the 13 American Colonies. Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America:

Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for agriculture

Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies

Fact 3 - Religion: Puritans - No religious freedom. Refer to Religion in the Colonies

Fact 4 - Climate: Coldest of the three regions, leading to difficult winters but less disease

The New England American regions are also referred to as the North Colonies

The 13 American Colonies -  Facts about the Middle Colonies
The original names of the Middle American Colonies were the Province of New York, later New York and Vermont, the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey, the Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania and the Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware. The 4 Middle Colonies of Colonial America consisted of a mix of both northern and southern features and its early settlement was dominated by non-English Europeans, mostly Dutch and German, the English colonists were in the minority. Information and facts about the 13 American Colonies - Facts about the Middle American Colonies:

Fact 1 - The climate and geography of the Middle Colonies was a mix of the New England and Southern features

Fact 2 - Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource. The Middle colonies are often referred to as the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat.

Fact 3 - Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies

The 13 American Colonies -  Facts about the Southern Colonies
The original names of the Southern American Colonies were the Province of Maryland (later Maryland), the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, (later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia), the Province of North Carolina, (later North Carolina and Tennessee), the Province of South Carolina, (later South Carolina) and the Province of Georgia, (later Georgia). The Dominion of Virginia and the Province of Maryland comprised the Chesapeake Colonies. Information and facts about the 13 American Colonies - Facts about the Southern American Colonies:

Fact 1 - The geography was hilly coastal plains with plenty of forests

Fact 2 - The Southern colonies concentrated on developing plantations that eventually grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane and indigo (a purple dye)

Fact 3 - Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others

Fact 4 - Warmest of the 3 regions, winters not difficult to survive, warmer climate gave rise to the spread of disease

Fact 5 - Trade and Industry was dominated by the Slave Plantations

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