Founding of the North Carolina Colony
When was the colony of North Carolina founded? The North Carolina Colony was founded in 1653 by the Virginia colonists. - refer to Lords Proprietors and theCharter of Carolina.
The Naming of the North Carolina Colony
Carolina is derived from the Latin name Carolus, translated as "Charles." The state was named in honor Charles IX of France and then King Charles I and King Charles II of England.
North Carolina Colony - The Carolinas
During the 1660's the Proprietors of the vast colony and land named Carolina realized that it was not possible for one governor and one assembly to manage a colony as big as Carolina. The major settlements in the Carolinas were Cape Fear, Charles Town and Albemarle were miles apart and travelling between the settlements was time consuming and difficult. In 1691, the Colonial Proprietors of Carolina appointed a governor for the whole of Carolina and a deputy governor for the North of the colony. In 1712, North and South Carolina were officially divided.
Information and Facts with the North Carolina Colony Fact File
Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the North Carolina Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the North Carolina Colony via this fast fact file.
Year Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists
Major Towns / Cities: Raleigh
Geography of North Carolina: Coastal plains, plateau and mountain ranges
Climate: The Southern colonies were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
Climate: The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land. Farming and Plantations were important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies
Economics and Trade: Concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock
Government: By 1775 North Carolina was governed as a Royal Colony.
Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee
The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population who worked on the plantations.Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops
Some of the plantations were massive and consisted of the main house, slave quarters, a dairy, blacksmith's shop, laundry, smokehouse and barns which made the plantations to large degree, self-sufficient
Crops were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes
In 1653 Nathaniel Batts ( 1620-1679 ) becomes the earliest permanent settler in North Carolina
In 1691 the land assumed the name of North Carolina
In 1712 North Carolina becomes a separate Colony
In 1729 North Carolina becomes a royal English colony
The Colony became a state on November 21, 1789.
Trade in the Southern colonies included Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products