- Fact 3 - Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
- Fact 4 - Climate: Warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
- Fact 5 - Trade / Exports: Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products
Southern Colonies Colonies - Economic Activity & Trade
There were considerable differences between the New England, Middle and Southern regions. Economic activities and trade were dependant of the environment in which the Colonists lived refer to Triangular Trade. The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of Southern Colonies. The Southern Colonies concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock. The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population who worked on the Slave Plantations. Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops. Some of the Southern plantations were massive and consisted of the main house, slave quarters, a dairy, blacksmith's shop, laundry, smokehouse and barns which made the plantations to large degree, self-sufficient. Crops were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including farm tools, shoes, lace, and dishes.
Southern Colonies Timeline
This Southern Colonies Timeline provides a list detailing key events and dates of this amazing period in Colonial history. The five Southern Colonies of Colonial America composed of Maryland Colony, Virginia Colony, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. A comprehensive list of the key events which are important to the Southern Colonies Timeline.
1607: The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia. The start of this Southern Colonies Timeline...
1609/10: Period in Jamestown Colony history referred to as the Starving Time
1618: The Headright System was set up by the London company in 1618 that gave 50 acres of land to colonists who paid their own way to Virginia, or paid the way for someone else
1620: 1620 - The Pilgrims establish their own government, the basis of which was the Mayflower Compact, which they drafted on their journey to the New World on the Mayflower
1622: 1622-1624 The Powhatan Wars, battles and conflicts in Virginia between colonists and American Native Indians
1624: 1624 Virginia was made a royal colony
1630: The Great Migration - Mass migration of thousands of English people to the Americas that took place between 1630 and 1640.
1634: Maryland was settled. King Charles I gave land to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore to create a haven for Catholics in America.
1640: The Quakers, or Society of Friends, was a Protestant sect founded in England whose members believed that salvation was available to all people
1651: 1651 1660 1663 The Navigation Acts. The colonies represent a lucrative source of wealth and trade. Navigation Acts regulate colonial trade and enable England to collect duties (taxes)
1663: Carolina was settled. Eight men received charters for the Carolinas in 1663 from King Charles II to settle lands south of Virginia. The area was called Carolina. The main port was called Charles Town (Charleston) after the king. In 1729, North and South Carolina became separate royal colonies.
1673: The Plantation Duty Act
1675: The Lords of Trade are appointed in England to enforce the new mercantile system and maximize potential profits for England
1675: 1675-l676 Bacon's Rebellion. Bacon's Rebellion was an uprising in 1676 - 1677 against American Indians and the colonial government in the Virginia Colony and Bacon's Declaration of the People
1677: Culpeper’s Rebellion: Rebellion against the colonial government in Carolina in 1677 and the Navigation Acts led by John Culpeper. The rebellion succeeded in disposing the governor and placing Culpeper in his position, but he was removed in 1679
1686: Formation of New England - King James II combines the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, New York, New Hampshire, East Jersey and West Jersey into a single colony: The Dominion of New England.
1688: King James II appoints Sir Edmund Andros to serve as Captain General and Governor in Chief of New England. Sir Edmund Andros causes dissension with the colonists as he does not have to answer to any elected assembly
1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America
1689: Feb 13, 1689 The Glorious Revolution. The Protestant William III and Mary II officially replace the Catholic James II as monarchs of England. The English Bill of Rights which enables Parliament to control laws and taxes
1689: Mar 1689 Glorious Revolution Sparks Revolt in the colonies. Boston militiamen seize Governor-in-Chief Andros and put him in jail. The New England colonies begin to re-establish governments.
1696: 1696 Salutary Neglect. The British government establishes the Board of Trade to oversee colonial policies practicing a policy of "Salutary Neglect," in which it gives the colonies considerable freedom in economic matters.
1707: 1707 The Union between England and Scotland created the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain' and the term British, as opposed to English, is then used in reference to the colonists in North America.
1711: 1711-1713: The Tuscarora War in Northern Carolina. The Tuscarora tribe was defeated by James Moore and Yamasee warriors
1715: The Yamasee War - An Indian confederation came close to wiping out the white settlements in Southern Carolina
1733: 1733 - Georgia is settled. James Oglethorpe receives a charter to create a colony between South Carolina and Florida. Georgia became a royal colony in 1752.
1758: The Anglo-Cherokee War (1758–1761) - The Cherokee uprising in present-day Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas.
1763: The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763 bringing the introduction of the massive boundary, which was the Proclamation Line between the colonies and Indian Territories
1764: Sugar Act
1765: 1765 The Stamp Act of 1765
1765: The Sons of Liberty was an an organization (a secret society) formed by American Patriots who opposed British measures against the colonists, and agitated for resistance
1767: 1767 Townshend Acts
1773: Tea Act
1775: March 23, 1775 - Patrick Henry delivered his famous speech in St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.
1775: The American Revolution (1775- 1783) ended the Colonial America Time Period
1776: A document declaring the US to be independent of the British Crown was signed on July 4, 1776, by the congressional representatives of the 13 Colonies