Land of the Brave

Rhode Island Colony

Colonial America - Land of the Brave

The Rhode Island Colony
The Rhode Island Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Rhode Island Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The Province of Rhode Island was an English colony in North America that existed from 1636 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

Founding of the Rhode Island Colony
When was the colony of Rhode Island founded? The Rhode Island Colony was founded in 1636 by and other colonists, such as at Providence.

The Naming of the Rhode Island Colony
Named "Roodt Eylandt" by Adrian Block, the Dutch explorer. The meaning of the name is "red island" referring to the red clay that lined the shore. The name was later changed when the area came under British rule.

Year Founded: 1636 by Roger Williams and others, at Providence

Major Towns / Cities: Providence

Major Industries: Agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing). Fish included cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake, bass and sturgeon and whales. Manufacturing (lumbering). Breweries and distilleries producing rum

Geography: Flat rolling hills and lowlands. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops

Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies

Religion: There was no religious freedom in the areas inhabited by the Puritans as they did not tolerate any other form of religion. Refer to Religion in the Colonies

Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised

Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum. Industries and trade in the New England colonies included fish, whale products, shipping, shipbuilding, timber products, furs, maple syrup, copper, livestock products, horses, rum, whiskey and beer

Government: In 1775 Rhode Island was governed as a Charter Colony.

The first Colonists arrived from England aboard the Ark and the Dove

Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island

In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.

Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.

In 1636 Roger Williams, a religious exile from Massachusetts, was the founder of Providence as a Rhode Island settlement and was followed by Anne Hutchinson

In 1638 the Portsmouth compact was signed

In 1663 King Charles II granted the royal Charter of Rhode Island
Fish, timber, furs, ships and livestock

By 1761, Rhode Island, had 22 distilleries and three sugar refineries

The Colony became a state on May 29, 1790.

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