Land of the Brave

Anne Hutchinson

Colonial America - Land of the Brave

Short Biography about Anne Hutchinson
This article contains a short biography and fast facts and information about the early American colonist, Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643). Who was Anne Hutchinson and why was she famous? Anne Hutchinson was famous as one of the early colonists of the Massachusetts Colony who was banished from Boston in 1637 for her religious and feminist beliefs and fled to the Rhode Island Colony.

Anne Hutchinson was referred by Governor John Winthrop as " an American Jezebel, who had gone a-whoring from God", and should be "tried as a heretic."

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Fact 1 Anne Hutchinson was famous as one of the early colonists of the Massachusetts and Rhode Island Colonies

Fact 2 When was Anne Hutchinson born? She was born as Anne Marbury and baptized July 20, 1591

Fact 3 Where was Anne Hutchinson born? She was born in Alford, Lincolnshire, England

Fact 4 Her parents were Bridget Dryden and Francis Marbury. Her father was a deacon at Christ Church, Cambridge.

Fact 5 Anne Hutchinson was well educated at home and developed a strong interest in theology due to the influence of her father.

Fact 6 In 1612 she married William Hutchinson and they had 15 children together.

Fact 7 They attended sermons by John Cotton and became followers of the Puritans.

Fact 8 In 1634 John Cotton joined the Puritan colonies of New England and Anne Hutchinson and her family soon followed suit

Fact 9 The family sailed to America in late 1634 with other colonists on the Griffin, hoping for religious freedom favorable to the new ideas of Puritanism.

Fact 10 Anne Hutchinson joined the congregation of John Cotton but differences soon emerged due to her different ideas and wish to allowed freedom of thought - she wished to worship God as she believed was fitting but instead was governed by the strict beliefs of the Puritans

Fact 11 Anne Hutchinson was determined to speak her mind. But Puritans viewed women as inferior to me and morally feeble who would lead men to damnation if allowed to form an opinion or express a thought.

Fact 12 She started a Women's club and meetings were held in her home. The women discussed the Scriptures, prayed and reviewed sermons. Anne Hutchinson also expressed her own views.

Fact 13 Her women's club meetings were seen as a threat to the authority of the men in power and against the fundamental ideals of the Puritan way of life.

Fact 14 John Winthrop viewed Anne Hutchinson as a 'dissenter' and denounced her meetings, stating that the women's meetings were "a thing not tolerable nor comely in the sight of God, nor fitting for your sex."

Fact 15 John Winthrop was determined to silence Anne and found a legal way to stop her. Small women's prayer groups were allowed by law, but large groups listening to the teachings and opinions of one individual leader were considered to be disorderly

Fact 16 In November 1637 Anne Hutchinson was arrested and placed in custody at the house of the marshal of Roxbury, Massachusetts. She was 46 years old and pregnant.

Fact 17 Anne Hutchinson was accused of violating the fifth commandment to "honor thy father and mother" and therefore encouraging dissent against the fathers of the commonwealth. She was also charged that her meetings tempted women to neglect the care of their own families.

Fact 18 The court found her guilty of heresy and she was condemned to banishment by the Civil Court

Fact 19 Anne Hutchinson and her followers left Boston in 1638 for the settlement that had been established by Roger Williams at Providence, Rhode Island

Fact 20 Anne Hutchinson and her followers established a home in Portsmouth and adopted a new government which provided for trial by jury and separation of church and state

Fact 21 Anne Hutchinson and many of her family were massacred by Native Indians in 1643

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