Land of the Brave

Massachusetts Colony

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The Massachusetts Colony
The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Massachusetts Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The Province of Massachusetts was an English colony in North America that existed from 1630 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

For additional information refer to the

Founding of the Massachusetts Colony
When was the colony of Massachusetts founded? The Massachusetts Colony was founded in 1630 by and other , at Massachusetts Bay.

The Naming of the Massachusetts Colony
Name of an Algonquian tribe meaning “At the Great Hill.”

Information and Facts with the Massachusetts Colony Fact File
The first maps and records were made by John Smith in 1614. Permanent occupation of the colony dates from the voyage of the "Mayflower," which brought over a hundred men, women and children. Sir Ferdinando Gorges became the leader in founding Maine. Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to ) and the famous historical people associated with the Massachusetts Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the Massachusetts Colony via this fast fact file.

The was founded in 1620 by , or Pilgrims, sail on the and founded the colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts based on the . The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1630 by and other colonists.

Major Towns / Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord

Major Industries: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding).

Geography: Jagged coast and hills. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops

Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies

Religion: There was no religious freedom in the areas inhabited by the as they did not tolerate any other form of religion. Refer to

Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised

Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum

Government: By 1775 Massachusetts was governed as a royal province while operating under a charter

Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine

In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.

Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.

In 1692 the last for three months from June to September

Trade / Exports: Fish, timber, furs, ships and livestock

Famous Battles: and the

The Colony became a state on February 6, 1788. For additional facts and info refer to the

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