additional information refer to the
The Naming of the Massachusetts Colony
Information and Facts with the Massachusetts Colony
The Plymouth Colony was founded in 1620 by Pilgrim Fathers, or Pilgrims, sail on the Mayflower Ship and founded the colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts based on the Mayflower Compact. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop and other colonists.
Major Towns / Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord
Major Industries: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding).
Geography: Jagged coast and hills. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies
Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised
Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture
and focussed on town life and industries such as
ship building and the manufacture and export of
In 1692 the Salem Witchcraft Trialslast for three months from June to September
Trade / Exports: Fish, timber, furs, ships and livestock
The Colony became a state on February 6, 1788. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States