Land of the Brave

New Hampshire Colony

Colonial America - Land of the Brave

The New Hampshire Colony
The New Hampshire Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The New Hampshire Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies.

The Province of New Hampshire was an English colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of New Hampshire.

For additional information refer to the

Founding of the New Hampshire Colony
When was the colony of New Hampshire founded? The New Hampshire Colony was founded in 1638 by Captain and John Wheelwright and other colonists.

The Naming of the New Hampshire Colony
Named after the English county of Hampshire where Captain John Mason (who received a grant for the land) was raised.

Year Founded: 1638 was founded by John Mason and established by John Wheelwright and others

Major Towns / Cities: Concord

Major Industries: Agriculture (potatoes, fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding) - refer to

Geography: Low coast, hills, mountains and plateau. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops

Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies

Religion: There was no religious freedom in the areas inhabited by the as they did not tolerate any other form of religion. Refer to

Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised

Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum

Government: By 1775 New Hampshire was governed as a .

The original names of the New England Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire

In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.

Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.

1641 Massachusetts Colony gained control of New Hampshire

In 1679 England forms New Hampshire as a separate royal colony

Trade / Exports: Fish, timber, furs, ships and livestock

The Colony became a state on June 21, 1788. For additional facts and info refer to the

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