Land of the Brave

John Mason

Colonial America - Land of the Brave

Short Biography about John Mason

This article contains a short biography and fast facts and information about the early American colonist, John Mason (15861635). Who was John Mason and why was he famous? John Mason was famous as the founder of the New Hampshire Colony. John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges received a patent from the Council for New England for all the territory lying between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers which they divided with Mason receiving the southern portion which included most of the southeastern part of the current state of New Hampshire.

John  Mason never set foot in New Hampshire he died that same year he was preparing for his first voyage to the new colony.

Fact 1: John Mason was famous as the founder of the New Hampshire

Fact 2: When was John Mason born? He was born in 1586

Fact 3: Where was John Mason born? He was born in King's Lynn, Norfolk, England

Fact 4: John Mason came from a wealthy family and received an excellent education at Peterhouse College, Cambridge

Fact 5: During his early life news of the discoveries in the New World by Sir Francis Drake (1540 - 1596), Sir Walter Raleigh (1552 - 1618), Henry Hudson (1565 - 1611) inspired all Englishmen, including John Mason

Fact 6: John Mason was well educated in typical subjects of the time including navigation, astronomy, cartography, mathematics and seamanship

Fact 7: John Guy had visited Newfoundland and petitioned the British government for permission to establish a colony. John Guy set sail from Bristol with a small group of colonists, landed at Newfoundland in August 1610 and founded a settlement.

Fact 8: John Guy's colony in Newfoundland started the era of the proprietary governors. The colonization was a commercial enterprise sanctioned by the Crown via charter issued by James I to the London and Bristol Company, a joint-stock company

Fact 9: John Mason was appointed as governor of Newfoundland by the investors in the the London and Bristol Company in 1615

Fact 10: John Mason served as as governor of Newfoundland from 1615 - 1621

Fact 11: In 1620 the Privy Council of King James I issued John Mason a commission and provided him with a ship to suppress piracy in Newfoundland

Fact 12: Council for New England was a joint stock company organized in 1620 by a charter from the British crown giving the authority to colonize and govern the area of New England. The company, the Council for New England, was dominated by its president, wealthy landowner Sir Ferdinando Gorges.

Fact 13: In 1622 John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges received a patent from the Council for New England for all the territory lying between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers

Fact 14: In 1625 Mason drew up the first known English map of the island of Newfoundland.

Fact 15: In 1629 John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges divided the lands and Mason received the southern portion which included most of the southeastern part of the current state of New Hampshire. The land of Sir Ferdinando Gorges led to the establishment of Maine.

Fact 16: The land grant was confirmed to John Mason when the Council for New England surrendered its charter in 1635

Fact 17: In 1635 he was appointed first vice-admiral of New England

Fact 18: John Mason never set foot in New Hampshire - he died in 1635 that same year he was preparing for his first voyage to the new colony.

Fact 19: Massachusetts Bay Colony controlled both regions until New Hampshire was given a royal charter in 1679 and Maine was made its own state in 1820.

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