Land of the Brave

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado Facts

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado Explorer

Facts about Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

The following Fact File contains fast information about the life of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado.

Interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the Exploration and the discovery of the New World leading to the colonization of America.

Fact 1:
Why was Francisco Vasquez de Coronado famous and what part of America did he explore? Francisco Vasquez de Coronado visited New Mexico and the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542. He discovered the Great Plains of Kansas

Fact 2: When was Francisco Vasquez de Coronado born? He was born c.1510

Fact 3: What was his country of origin and where was Francisco Vasquez de Coronado born? He was born in Salamanca, Spain

Fact 4: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado came from a Noble, wealthy Spanish family and spent time in the Spanish court

Fact 5: In 1535 went to New Spain (Mexico) with Antonio de Mendoza, the Spanish Viceroy

Fact 6: He met and married the rich daughter of the colonial treasurer. They had eight children

Fact 7: In 1538 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado was made governor of Nueva Galicia which was part of New Spain (Mexico)

Fact 8: In 1539 the Viceroy of New Spain, Antonio de Mendoza, hears the legend of the Seven Cities of gold by a Franciscan friar named Marcos de Niza

Fact 9: The Viceroy asks Francisco Vasquez de Coronado to search South West North America for the Seven Cities of Gold

Fact 10: February 23, 1540: The expedition leaves from Compostela (Senora) Fray Marcos accompanies the expedition as a guide

Fact 11: The expedition consists of 340 Spanish troops, 300 Indians, 1000 horses, 1000 slaves and six swivel guns

Fact 12: 1540 July 7, 1540: They battle against the Peublo Indians at Zuni and Coronado is wounded.

Fact 13: The expedition continues to Cibola but they do not find El Dorado the gleaming city of wealth described by Fray Marcos.

Fact 14: Fray Marcos de Niza was dismissed as guide and sent back in disgrace

Fact 15: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado hears of another fabulous city of gold called Quivira and on April 23, 1541 they leave for the new destination

Fact 16: Jun 29 1541: The explorers cross the Arkansas River

Fact 17: The expedition arrives in Kansas and find Quivira. But there is no silver or gold. They spend the winter on the Rio Grande before turning back for Mexico.

Fact 18: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado discovers the Grand Canyon on the journey home

Fact 19: The expedition arrives home in 1542 and Coronado is seen as a failure but manages to retain his post of Governor

Fact 20: In 1544 he is removed from office when he is found guilty of committing atrocities against Indians. As punishment he is sent to work in a humiliating, minor position in Mexico City

Fact 21: There are no more expeditions for Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and he dies on September 22, 1554

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Updated 2018-01-01

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