The following fact
file has been compiled from various sources and
provides interesting facts and an overview and
description of the
life and times and his involvement in the
American Revolutionary War.
Fact 1: Crispus Attucks was born c. 1723. There
is a theory that he went by another name,
Fact 2: His father was born in Africa. His name
was Prince Yonger and he was brought to America
as a slave.
Fact 3: The name of his mother was Nancy Attucks,
a Wampanoag Native Indian who came from from the
island of Nantucket. The word "attuck" in the
Natick language means deer.
Fact 4: Crispus Attucks had a sister called
Fact 5: The owner of his father was Colonel
Buckminster and Crispus was raised on his large
Fact 6: He was then sold to Deacon William Brown
of Framingham. Crispus Attucks escaped from his
new master and absconded to become a seaman and
Fact 7: An advertisement placed in the Boston
Gazette on October 2, 1750 referred to Crispus
Attucks as a runaway slave belonging to William
Brown of Framingham
Fact 8: In the advertisement Crispus Attucks was
described as "a mulatto Fellow, about 27 years
of age, named Crispus, 6 Feet and 2 inches high,
short curl'd hair, his Knees near together than
Fact 9: Whaling played an important role in New
England and whaling was a common activity along
the East Coast. Boston, in the colony of
Massachusetts, was the most important port of
Fact 10: Boston was the home of many patriots
and it is probable that Crispus Attucks had
great sympathy with the movement. British troops
had been stationed in Boston since 1768
following events prompted by the Townshend Acts
of 1767 and the troops were resented by the
workers in Boston, like Crispus Attucks.
Fact 11: Workers and sailors frequently clashed
with British soldiers quartered in Boston.
Fact 12: The day before the Boston Massacre
incident on March 4, 1770 some seamen and
ropemakers had clashed with British troops at
John Gray's Ropewalk in the Fort Hill district
Fact 13: The Boston Massacre incident occurred
on the evening of March 5, 1770. A crowd
taunting a soldier in front of the Customs House
on King Street in Boston became out of hand and
he called for help.
Fact 14: Captain Thomas Preston and 8 soldiers
answered the call. The crowd grew to over 200
people and started to throw snowballs, ice, coal
and oyster shells at the British troops. A
soldier named Private Montgomery was hit in the
face by a stick and the soldiers fired their
muskets into the crowd.
Fact 15: Crispus Attucks was the first man to be
shot and fell dead with several bullets lodged
in his chest and head.