- Location: Colonial New Hampshire was one of the original 13 English colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America, as shown on the map
- Region: The 13 colonies were divided into three geographic regions consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The New Hampshire Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies
- Geography & Climate: Mountains, trees, rivers but poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops. Mild, short summers and long, cold winters
- Colonial New Hampshire becomes a state: New Hampshire was the 9th of the original 13 colonies to become a state on the June 21, 1788
The History of Colonial New Hampshire
In 1622 King James I of England granted the lands between the Salem and Merrimac rivers, to John Masonand Sir Ferdinando Gorges. They divided the lands between them with John Mason receiving the southern portion which included most of the southeastern part of the current state of New Hampshire. John Mason never set foot in New Hampshire - he died that same year he was preparing for his first voyage to the new colony, but he is still credited with founding the colony. The Colonial New Hampshire was established by John Wheelwright and other colonists in 1638. In 1641 Massachusetts Colony gained control of New Hampshire but in 1679 England formed New Hampshire as a separate royal colony.