The New State Constitutions
Eleven of the original 13 colonies drafted at least one State Constitution as part of the process of changing into states. Connecticut and Rhode Island initially opted to continue to use their colonial Charters as "State Constitutions". By 1780, every state had a written constitution. The new State Constitutions reflected the mood of the times. The Americans had travelled down a long Road to Revolution with Great Britain as their ruler controlling the laws and taxes of the colonies enacted by the British Parliament outside of America effecting life and trade in the 13 colonies leading to the Causes of the American Revolutionary War.
State Constitutions - Summary
The State Constitutions took heed from history, the flaws in British laws and the aspirations of the Declaration of Independence. These led to a number of new ideas that Americans, across the newly established states, included in their State Constitutions. A summary of the most important inclusions are as follows:
- Each of the State Constitutions should be written down
- The Basic rights of the people should be constitutionally protected
- All men are created equal
- Power comes from the people
- A Separation of powers
Many of the 'framers of State Constitutions were to play important roles in the 'Birth of the Nation' and were later honored in history with the titles of Founding Fathers.