Facts about Peter Stuyvesant
The following facts about Peter Stuyvesant
provide interesting facts and an overview and
description of the
life and times and his involvement in the
early colonization of America and the Dutch New York Colony.
Peter Stuyvesant was famous as the last Dutch
Director-General of the colony of New Netherland
until it was ceded to the British.
When was Peter Stuyvesant born? He was born in
Where was Peter Stuyvesant born? He was born in
was born in Scherpenzeel, in southern Friesland
He was the son of a minister and received a good
education studying at Franeker.
He entered military service in the West Indies
Peter Stuyvesant became the director of the West
India Company's colony of Curacao from 1634 to
In April 1644 he led an attack on the the
Portuguese island of Saint Martin and was badly
wounded. He had to return to Holland, and there
one of his legs was amputated. Peter Stuyvesant
wore a wooden leg ornamented with silver bands.
In May 1645 he was appointed by the West India
Company to supersede William Kieft as director
of New Netherland.
He traveled to the New World and arrived in New
Amsterdam ( which later became New York) in May
He became unpopular with the leading burghers
who were alienated by his violent and despotic
methods and by his devotion to the interests of
the West India company.
In 1649 the leading burghers sent the famous
Vertoogh, or Remonstrance, to the states-general
asking for burgher government and other reforms
In 1653, following various disputes, the first
municipal government for the city of New
Amsterdam was established and modelled after
that of the cities of Holland
In 1647 Stuyvesant seized a Dutch ship illegally
trading at New Haven and claimed jurisdiction as
far as Cape Cod
In September 1650 he came to an agreement with
the commissioners of the United Colonies of New
England at Hartford upon the boundary between
New Netherland and Connecticut that involved the
sacrifice of a large amount of lands.
In 1654 he overthrew the Swedish authority in
During the years of 1655, 1658 and 1663 he
vigorously suppressed Indian uprisings
In March 1664 King Charles II of England granted
to his brother, the Duke of York, the territory
between the Connecticut river and Delaware Bay,
and Colonel Richard Nicolls with a fleet of 4
ships and 300-400 men was sent out to take
Peter Stuyvesant was misled by instructions from
Holland believing that the English expedition
was directed wholly against New England.
Consequently, Stuyvesant made no preparation for
defence until just before the fleet arrived.
The burghers refused to support Stuyvesant who
was forced to surrender the town and fort on the
8th of September.
Peter Stuyvesant returned to Holland in 1665
where he was made a scapegoat for the loss of
the Dutch colony.
Peter Stuyvesant went back to New York again
after the treaty of Breda in 1667 spent the
remainder of his life on his farm called the
Peter Stuyvesant died in February 1672 and was
buried in a small chapel on the site of St