Smith Fact 1: John Smith was baptised on 6
January 1580. Baptism usually occurred 3 days
after birth, but no birth records were kept,
unlike Baptism records. He came from a family of
farmers who were located near Alford,
John Smith Fact 2: John Smith was educated at
King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth, from
John Smith Fact 3: In 1596 at the age of 16 John
Smith started life at sea in the military and at
first fought in the Netherlands.
John Smith Fact 4: John Smith then moved on to
western Europe and joined a Christian army
fighting the Turks in Hungary
John Smith Fact 5: The early escapades of John
Smith earned him the rank of a captaincy and he
was honored with a coat of arms which moved him
up the social ranks in England.
John Smith Fact 6: In 1606 King James I of
England granted a charter to the Virginia
Company to establish colonies in Virginia.
John Smith Fact 7: Captain John Smith became
involved on 20 December 1606 joined an
expedition of three ships, the Discovery, the
Susan Constant and the Godspeed, to the New
John Smith Fact 8: On the voyage John Smith
clashed with Captain Christopher Newport who was
in charge of the three ships. The situation
between the 2 men was so bad that Captain
Newport planned to execute him upon arrival in
John Smith Fact 9: The execution never happened
because when Captain Newport opened his sealed
orders from the Virginia Company on April 26,
1607 he discovered, to his horror, that Captain
John Smith had been designated as one of the
leaders of the new colony.
John Smith Fact 10: In May 1607 the Jamestown
settlement was established in Virginia.
John Smith Fact 11: The Powhatan Native Indians
inhabited more than 100 surrounding villages.
Within 2 weeks of the English arrival, deaths
John Smith Fact 12: The Powhatan Confederacy was
extremely powerful and their land covered 16,000
miles and the people of its 30 Indian tribes
John Smith Fact 13: By the Fall of 1607 More
than half the colonists had died from disease,
starvation and from wounds caused by Native
John Smith Fact 14: In December 1607 Captain
John Smith was captured by a Powhatan hunting
party and taken before Chief Powhatan (his
Native Indian name Wahunsonacock).
John Smith Fact 15: Chief Powhatan had every
intention to kill John Smith but his daughter,
Pocahontas (Indian name Matoaka), saved the life
of John Smith by coming between him and a blow
from her father.
John Smith Fact 16: The encounter Powhatan
leader and John Smith initiated a friendlier
relationship between the natives and Smith and
the colonists at Jamestown.
John Smith Fact 17: John Smith was released in
John Smith Fact 18: Chief Powhatan, intrigued by
the by the new tools and weapons, helped the
Jamestown colony survive by supplying the
colonists with food, which they traded for blue
John Smith Fact 19: The friendly association
between the Indians and the colonists, initiated
by John Smith, resulted in a formal coronation
of Chief Powhatan on September 10, 1608
John Smith Fact 20: The newly formed friendship
soon deteriorated and tensions between the
Indians and colonists rose when livestock, owned
by the colonists, were allowed to wander into
the Indian cornfields.
John Smith Fact 21: Dissent between the
colonists also grew due to laziness and lack of
supplies. Personal conflicts among John Smith
and various leaders led to Captain John Smith
leaving Jamestown to explore and map the
Chesapeake Bay region and look for better foods
John Smith Fact 22: In September 1608 John Smith
was elected president of the local council
instituted a policy of discipline. "He who does
not work, will not eat."
John Smith Fact 23: The Powhatan stopped trading
with the colonists in an attempt to starve them
out and the First Powhatan War erupted. The
period covering the next 2 years (1609-1610)
would become known as the 'Starving Time'.
John Smith Fact 24: In October 1609 John Smith
was badly injured by a gunpowder burn and had to
return to England for treatment
John Smith Fact 25: In London John Smith
actively promoted the further colonization of
Virginia but fell out with the Virginia Company.
John Smith Fact 26: In April 1614, John Smith
returned to America exploring and mapping the
Maine and Massachusetts Bay areas, which he
named New England.
John Smith Fact 27: John Smith returned to
England in 1615 where he concentrated on writing
about the new colonies and the opportunities of
John Smith Fact 28: The books of John Smith such
as The Generall Historie of Virginia and The
True Travels…of Captain John Smith inspired
people to immigrate to America - the passengers
on the Mayflower ship had been motivated by his
John Smith Fact 29: John Smith died on June 21,
1631 in London, England. The cause of death was
John Smith Fact 30: Captain John Smith was
buried in an Anglican church in Hoborn London at
the St Sepulchre-without-Newgate, also known as
the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.