Land of the Brave

Colonialism

Colonial America - Land of the Brave


Colonialism

The Meaning and Definition of Colonialism: Colonialism can be defined as the exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one. Colonialism is the use of the weaker country's resources to strengthen and enrich the 'mother country'.

The word 'Colonialism' derives from the Latin word 'colonus' meaning farmer. Colonialism involves the transfer of a population to a colony in new lands or  territories.

The Process of Colonialism
The process of Colonialism is achieved by the transfer of people to a new territory who live as permanent settlers, or colonists, taking advantage of the resources whilst maintaining political allegiance to their country of origin. The Colonialism of America was made possible by advancements in new discoveries, new maps and navigation technology enabling ships to make the 3000 mile voyage to America to take people to the New World. The American colonists considered themselves citizens of the 'Mother Country'.

Colonialism combined with other Policies
Implementing the policy of Colonialism and expansion in America combined with the concepts of the political and economic theories of imperialism,  mercantilism and protectionism brought huge financial benefits to the Europeans. The later emergence of the policy of capitalism brought wealth to the Americans.

The Colonists Struggle for Independence
The British policy of colonialism in and its other political and economic policies in America sparked the change of attitude towards the 'mother country' and a struggle for independence by the colonists and settlers. The colonists were made to feel like second-class citizens and their views and wishes ignored by the mother country. The American colonists resented their exploitation by the 'mother country'. American colonists had taken huge risks by emigrating to America, leaving their homes and country for an unknown and dangerous new life in the colonies. Colonists were looking for religious freedom and new opportunities devoid of the class systems they had left in their 'mother country'. Their loyalty and ties to the 'mother country' decreased leading to a quest for equality which led to the American War of Independence in 1775 and the establishment of the United States of America. The other effects of colonialism in America were far from positive...

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