- All of
the Colonial Government systems had
- A Governor's court
- A Court
Colonial Government in the colonies represented
an extension of the English government.
Colonial Government - English Common Law
When the first colonists landed in Jamestown,
Virginia in 1607 they brought the English Common
Law with them. The term "common law" was the
name given to the law that emerged as "common"
throughout the realm of England and was extended
to include the 13 Colonies to be used by
Colonial Government. Colonial Government
represented an extension of the English
government. The court systems and courts in the
colonies enforced the Common Law of England.
Colonial Government - Organization and
The organization and structure of Colonial
Government was as follows:
Governor held the executive power in the colony and
represented the Crown (England) in the colonial
Governorís Council was composed of influential and
powerful men who advised and supported the Governor.
- The Governorís Council exercised various judicial
and administrative powers
Assembly was elected by, and therefore represented,
the citizens of the towns and counties
The British policy of
lasted from the 1690's to the 1760's and
reduced the level of involvement of Great
Britain colonial affairs. Trade laws were not
enforced which benefited the colonists boosting
their profits from trade.
Colonial Government - Administration
Administration at the local level varied between
the three regions:
England Colonies: Town Meetings
Colonies: Government at County level
Colonies: A mixture of town meetings and county