Land of the Brave

Battle of Cowpens

Nathanael Greene

Colonial America - Nathanael Greene

Battle of Cowpens

Battle of Cowpens Definition: The Battle of Cowpens was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The year and date that the Battle of Cowpens took place on Wednesday, January 17, 1781.

The battlefield in which the British and American Forces fought during the Battle of Cowpens was located in Cowpens, South Carolina. The Battle of Cowpens ended in victory for the American colonists. 

Overview and Summary of the Battle of Cowpens
Following the American victory at the Battle of Camden and the retreat of General Cornwallis from Charlotte, North Carolina, General Nathanael Greene was sent to the South to take charge of the resistance to General Cornwallis. Nathanael Greene gathered militia from all directions and marched toward General Cornwallis. Dividing his army into two parts, he sent General Daniel Morgan to threaten Cornwallis from one direction, while he threatened him from another direction. General  Cornwallis sent Colonel Banastre Tarleton to attack Morgan and his forces. The small force led by General Daniel Morgan met at the enemy at Cowpens and quickly killed or captured nearly all of the British who had become undisciplined and broken ranks. A great victory for the American Continental Army.

The Importance and Significance of the Battle of Cowpens
Significance of the Battle of Cowpens: The significance of the conflict was that it had a devastating effect on British morale, whilst increasing American confidence. The Battle of Cowpens, together with the King's Mountain, caused Lord Cornwallis to pull troops from South Carolina and move them farther north, leading to Yorktown and eventually the end of the Revolutionary war.

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