Period in Jamestown Colony history referred to as the Starving Time
The rule of Sir Thomas Dale and Good Order in Virginia
The Headright System was set up by the London company in 1618 that gave 50 acres
of land to colonists who paid their own way to Virginia, or paid the way for
1620 - The Pilgrims establish their own government, the basis of which was the
Mayflower Compact, which they drafted on their journey to the New World on the
The Pilgrim Fathers, or Pilgrims, founded the second colony of the Plymouth
Settlement in New England in 1620, located in present-day Plymouth,
Massachusetts, United States. The Mayflower Compact was a legal document written
by the Pilgrims to specify basic laws and social rules for their new colony. In
1624, Virginia was made a royal colony.
Massachusetts Bay Colony - refer to Massachusetts Colony. The Pilgrims, the
founders of Plymouth, arrived in 1620. John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the
"Father of English Colonization in North America" had received land in northern
New England which became the Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Mason eventually
formed New Hampshire and the land of Sir Ferdinando Gorges led to Maine.
Massachusetts Bay Colony controlled both regions until New Hampshire was given a
royal charter in 1679 and Maine was made its own state in 1820.
New Netherlands, which became New York, was settled by the Dutch - refer to
Peter Stuyvesant and Peter Minuit. In 1664, King Charles II granted New
Netherland to his brother James, Duke of York who took a fleet to the area. The
Dutch surrendered New Netherlands without a fight and it was renamed New York.
1624 Virginia was made a royal colony
Puritans led by John Winthrop formed the Massachusetts Bay Company and many
Puritans continued to settle in the areas around Boston.
The Great Migration - Mass migration of thousands of English people to the
Americas that took place between 1630 and 1640.
Maryland was settled - refer to Maryland Colony. King Charles I gave land to
George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, to create a haven for Catholics in America.
Connecticut was initially settled colonists, led by Thomas Hooker, left the
Massachusetts Bay Colony due to dissatisfaction and settled in the Connecticut
River Valley. In 1639, three settlements joined to form a unified government
creating a document called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the first
written constitution in America. King Charles II officially united Connecticut
as a single colony in 1662 - refer to Connecticut Colony.
Rhode Island. Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and
founded Providence. Anne Hutchinson was also banished from the Massachusetts Bay
Colony and she settled Portsmouth. Two additional settlements were also formed
in the area. All 4 settlements received a charter from England creating their
own government eventually called Rhode Island - refer to Rhode Island Colony.
New Hampshire was founded by John Mason and settled by John Wheelwright and
Delaware was settled in 1638 by Peter Minuit and others - refer to Delaware
The Quakers, or Society of Friends, was a Protestant sect founded in England
whose members believed that salvation was available to all people
1651 1660 1663 The Navigation Acts. The colonies represent a lucrative source of
wealth and trade. Navigation Acts regulate colonial trade and enable England to
collect duties (taxes). Refer to Triangular Trade. During this period the Slave
Plantations in the Southern colonies were established.
King Charles II officially united Connecticut as a single colony
Carolina was settled. Eight men received charters for the Carolinas in 1663 from
King Charles II to settle lands south of Virginia. The area was called Carolina.
See the Lords Proprietors and the Charter of Carolina. The main port was called
Charles Town (Charleston) after the king. In 1729, North and South Carolina
became separate Proprietary Colonies - refer to North Carolina Colony and South
New Jersey was settled. The Duke of York granted some land to Sir George
Carteret and Lord John Berkeley who named their colony New Jersey. They provided
grants of land and religious freedom in the colony. The two parts of the colony
were not united into a royal colony until 1702 - refer to New Jersey Colony
The Plantation Duty Act
The Lords of Trade are appointed in England to enforce the new mercantile system
and maximize potential profits for England
1675-l676 Bacon's Rebellion . Bacon's Rebellion was an uprising in 1676 - 1677
against American Indians and the colonial government in the Virginia Colony and
Bacon's Declaration of the People
New Hampshire. John Mason received land in northern New England which formed the
Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Mason eventually formed New Hampshire when the
region was given a royal charter in 1679 - refer to New Hampshire Colony
Quakers Settle in Pennsylvania. The Quakers were persecuted in England and
looked to have a colony in America with religious freedom. William Penn received
a grant, which the King called Pennsylvania. The first settlement was
Philadelphia - refer to Pennsylvania Colony
Formation of New England - King James II combines the colonies of Connecticut,
Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, New York, New Hampshire, East
Jersey and West Jersey into a single colony: The Dominion of New England.
King James II appoints Sir Edmund Andros to serve as Captain General and
Governor in Chief of New England. Sir Edmund Andros causes dissension with the
colonists as he does not have to answer to any elected assembly
1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for
lands in North America
Feb 13, 1689 The Glorious Revolution. The Protestant William III and Mary II
officially replace the Catholic James II as monarchs of England. The English
Bill of Rights which enables Parliament to control laws and taxes
Mar 1689 Glorious Revolution Sparks Revolt in the colonies. Boston militiamen
seize Governor-in-Chief Andros and put him in jail. The New England colonies
begin to re-establish governments. Jacob Leisler (1640-1691) was a German
immigrant who led the insurrection against local colonial officials from 1689 to
1691 in colonial New York
Plymouth joined with the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Salem Witchcraft Trials - Hysteria over witchcraft accusations consumes Salem
1696 Salutary Neglect. The British government establishes the Board of Trade to
oversee colonial policies practicing a policy of "Salutary Neglect," in which it
gives the colonies considerable freedom in economic matters.
New Jersey. The two parts of the colony of New Jersey were united into a royal
colony until 1702
The Duke of York gained New Netherland and New Sweden which had been founded by
Peter Minuit. He renamed the whole region as New York.
1707 The Union between England and Scotland created the 'United Kingdom of Great
Britain' and the term British, as opposed to English, is then used in reference
to the colonists in North America.
1733 - Georgia is settled. James Oglethorpe receives a charter to create a
colony between South Carolina and Florida. Georgia became a royal colony in 1752
- refer to Georgia Colony
The Stamp Act and riots in the 13 Colonies
The American Revolution (1775- 1783) ended the Colonial America Time Period also
refer to Revolutionary Timeline
A document declaring the US to be independent of the British Crown was signed on
July 4, 1776, by the congressional representatives of the 13 Colonies